Embryological collection at department of histology and embryology
The collection was opened in 1957. The idea for its organization belongs to famous Ukrainian histologist, corresponding member of AMS USSR, Professor M.I. Zazybin.
The exposition starts with 25 exhibits, which demonstrate the development of human embryo during first two months. The visitor may follow the gradual changes in sizes and shape of embryo’s body. The peculiarities for formation of extra embryonic membranes, trophoblast and chorion are presented. One can see the cardiac swelling, upper extremity buds, somites, which amount is increased from 20th to 30th day, at the embryos of the forth week. The embryos of the fifth week start forming the face, the lower extremity buds appear. On the sixth and seventh week one can see the rudiments of fingers on feet and hands and follow to development of placenta.
The main exposition includes 71 fetuses since start of the third month and almost up to the end of pregnancy. The visitors can get acquainted with dynamics of intrauterine growth, during which the final formation of fetus appearance, completion for development of its functional systems take place.
The specimen for gravid uterus is rather interesting.
The teratological part of exposition is not large – it includes only two specimens.The collection also presents 14 specimens on comparative embryology and wax models, which demonstrate the peculiarities for cell division and gastrulation.